Contemporary social theorist say a lot about environmental degradation. However this perception is not showed by the classical sociologist e.g. Comte and Spencer consider sociology to be directly dependent on biology. Weber has shown little concerned with the natural world, Durkhiem did make the natural world casual factor in human history. But none of classical theories.
Raised crucial questions on the structural origin of environmental degradation, Anthony Giddens concerned with the issue of environmental degradation where he experienced in the second half of the (20th C). The threat of global environment disasters and the emerging political agenda triggered his writing, on the environmental questions initial. Giddens has argued that captalism and individualisation were responsible for modern environmental degradation. Later he mentioned that whatever may be the casual origin of environ mental degradation modern man is modifying and exploiting the nature for his own selfish purpose.
Giddens suggested that there is an effective close relation between cpatilism and insdrialisation capatilisation is unique in its ability to create precondition for the emergence of individualisation. According to Giddens the combination of capatilisation and industrialisation produces new relations between humabeing and nature whereby human being lost the respect and fear for nature and this was replaced by a selfish tendency to dominateand exploit the nature. This created environmental degradation. Giddens has attributed to distinct impacts of capatalism and industrilisation. According to Gidden present environmental degradation can be traced back to modern individual economy and the industrilise sector of the developed as well as the developing countries. Giddens has also made a mention of the technological determinism and the overuse of it. In otherwords man himself created technology. However subsequently he himself has become aslave of the technology. It is his need for technological innovations which leads to a large extent of the exploitation of the nature.