Ayurveda : Amalaki
Amalaki consists of fresh fruit pulp of emblica officinalis gaertn. (fam. euphorbiaceae); a small or medium sized tree, found in mixed deciduous forests, ascending to 1300 m on hills and cultivated in gardens and homeyards.
sanskrit : amalaka, amrtaphala, dhatriphala
assamese : amlaku, amlakhi, amlakhu
bengali : amla, dhatri
english : emblic myrobalan
gujrati : ambala, amala
hindi : amla, aonla
kannada : nellikayi
kashmiri : embali, amli
malayalam : nellikka
marathi : anvala, avalkathi
oriya : anala, ainla
punjabi : aula, amla
tamil : nellikkai, nelli
telugu : usirika
urdu : amla, amlaj
fruit, globose, 2.5-3.5 cm in diameter, fleshy, smooth with six prominant lines; greenish when tender, changing to light yellowish or pinkish colour when mature, with a few dark specks: taste, sour and astringent followed by delicately sweet taste.
transverse section of mature fruit shows an epicarp consisting of single layer of epidermis and 2-4 layers of hypodermis; epidermal cell, tabular in shape, covered externally with a thick cuticle and appear in surface view as polygonal; hypodermal cells tangentially elongated, thick-walled, smaller in dimension than epidermal cells; mesocarp forms bulk of fruit, consisting of thin-walled parenchymatous cells with intercellular spaces, peripheral 6-9 layers smaller, ovoid or tangentially elongated while rest of cells larger in size, isodiametric and radially elongated; several collateral fibrovascular bundles scattered throughout mesocarp consisting of xylem and phloem; xylem composed of tracheal elements, fibre tracheids and xylem fibres; tracheal elements show reticulate scalariform and spiral thickenings; xylem fibres elongated with narrow lumen and pointed end; mesocarp contains large aggregates of numerous irregular silica crystals.
Identity, purity and strength
foreign matter not more than 2 per cent
total ash not more than 7 per cent
acid-insoluble ash not more than 2 per cent
alcohol-soluble extractive not less than 40 per cent
(on dried basis)
water-soluble extractive not less than 50 per cent
moisture content not less than 80 per cent
constituents – ascorbic acid and tannins.
properties and action
rasa : madhura, amla, katu, tikta, kasaya
guna : laghu, ruska
virya : Sita
vipaka : madhura
karma : tridosajit, vrsya, rasayana, caksusya
important formulations – cyavanaprasa.
therapeutic uses – raktapitta; amlapitta; prameha; daha
DOSE – 10-20 g of the drug.
5-10 ml of fresh juice.