India’s contribution to UN peacekeeping operations
India’s most significant contribution to the U.N. is in peace operations. India is the largest contributors in terms of numbers of missions, force commanders, and personnel. Currently India is the third highest contributor, with 9,332 Indian soldiers and police on U.N. duty overseas after Bangladesh and Pakistan. India’s contribution in the peacekeeping operations is reflective of objectives enshrined in the UN Charter. Maintaining international
peace and security is the core objective of UN and India is contributing towards realizing this goal.
Since its independence India has contributing actively in the UN peacekeeping missions in varying capacities. Due to this contribution India has generated huge goodwill around the globe. India is the largest troops contributor to the UN peace operations since 1950s.As of today India has participated in 43 UN peacekeeping missions and more than 1,50, 000 troops have deployed by India. While serving on UN missions 135 Indian soldiers have sacrificed their life. Apart from this India has provided military advisors to various UN missions. According to Ramesh Thakur , an expert on UN there are three broad reasons why India is asked to contribute troops to U.N. operations:
1. The size and professionalism of its armed forces;
2. The lack of such forces from most developing countries until recently;
3. India’s influence in world affairs.
India is assisting the UN in maintaining international peace and security through peacekeeping operations since the inception of peacekeeping operations. India’s contribution to peacekeeping mission began with 1950-54’s Korea’s paramedical unit to 2007’s Liberia mission. India has participated in UN Peacekeeping missions of Korea, India-China, Middle East, Congo, Cambodia, Mozambique, Somalia, Rwanda, Angola, Sierra Leone, Ethiopia, Lebanon, Sudan, Ivory Cost, and East Timor, Haiti so far. India is the third largest contributor of troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions after Bangladesh and Pakistan. In the recent past there are 8680 Indian personnel deployed overseas out
of which 27 are women in 9 of the 14 peace-keeping operations.
Indian troops are more in demand because of their experience, good training and equipment and impeccable disciplinary record. Apart from troops contribution India has provided Force Commanders to several operations and shared its expertise and
experience especially in guerilla warfare and demining activities with UN in the conduction of peacekeeping operations successfully.
In 2011-12 three Indian Army Generals are holding crucial postings in UN peacekeeping forces. Lt General Randhir Kumar Mehta is the military advisor to the UN secretary general and two senior Army Generals are heading UN peacekeeping missions up to 2011. India
is also providing training to personnel from other countries.