INDIA’S Nuclear Doctrine
India formulated a draft doctrine to guide its nuclear weapons immediately after the nuclear tests of 1998.India’s nuclear doctrine has been designed to make India a responsible nuclear state and aim to provide minimum credible deterrence to India.
India’s nuclear doctrine is defensive in nature which makes it clear that India is committed to no first use of nuclear weapons principle and India will not use nuclear weapons against the non-nuclear weapons state. The doctrine further clears that the nuclear command and control system in India is under civilian control. The salient features of India’s nuclear doctrine are as under
1. Civilian control over nuclear weapons: The nuclear command and control system in India is under the civilian rule
2. Emphasis on developing a Minimum Credible Deterrence. This principle provides flexibility in deciding the number of nuclear weapons India should possess
3. India will not engage in arms race
4. No-first-use: nuclear weapons will be used only for retaliation against a nuclear attack on Indian Territory. This principle is based on the theory of deterrence and helps to reduce
possibility of war.
5. The nuclear retaliation will be colossal and designed to inflict massive damage.
6. India will not use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear weapon state.
7. India will observe strict control on export of nuclear and missile related materials and technology,
8. India will participate in the fissile material cut off treaty negotiations
9. India will put moratorium on nuclear tests. In 1998 itself the then PM of India Atal Bihari Vajpai declared that India did not required nuclear tests and undertook a voluntary moratorium on nuclear tests
10. India will remain committed to the goal of nuclear disarmament.
11. India will built effective, enduring diverse forces based upon a nuclear tread of air-craft, mobile land-based missiles and seabased assets.
The nuclear doctrine significantly contributed in demonstrating
India’s continued commitment to the goal of nuclear disarmament
Emergence of India as a responsible nuclear weapon state
Indian commitment to engage in bilateral agreements as well in discussions for a global no-first-use agreement
Commitment for not to indulge into export of nuclear weapons and technology