Integrative Cross Sectoral Planning Strategies
What do we mean by ‘‘Integrative cross-sectoral planning strategies”? The following discussion elaborates some strategies.
a) Gender Needs in Employment
Since women’s fundamental need is to generate income, training becomes a priority to meet this practical need. If this will help their economic independence, the training will help to meet their strategic needs rather than training to increase their domestic skills.
b) Gender Needs in Human Settlement,Housing
Planning for housing makes it crucial to involve a gender perspective. Modernization has resulted in drastic changes in housing designs irrespective of women’s needs. Zoning legislation separates residential from business activities depriving women from engaging in productive work performed at home as informal sector activities.
c) Gender Needs and Environmental Planning
Working women depend on wood, water and soil for their daily survival. Utilizing environment as a productive resource, women use forestry as a life- enhancing activity. A factory may be regarded as a life-destroying activity if it is polluting or uses invaluable natural resources such as water without replenishing it. Therefore, rural women may resist urbanization when it affects their survival and environment but would not be able to prevent it.
d) Gender Needs and Basic Services
Implications in planning to meet gender needs are:
• Planning childcare facilities at women’s workplaces meets their practical gender needs. If a childcare facility is located in the community and if a childcare facility is located at the father’s workplace it would provide an opportunity for meeting practical and strategic gender needs.
• Transportation: Usually designed to meet men’s work schedules, this could deprive women from meeting their practical and strategic needs.
• Community Political Roles: Meetings and other political activities are usually planned at times not conducive to women’s activity schedule.
State Control over Women’s Strategic Needs
The State can effectively control women’s strategic needs through:
• Family policy;
• Domestic violence;
• Reproductive rights;
• Legal status; and
• Welfare policy.