Similarities and Differences between case work and counseling
Similarities between case work and counseling
Counselling is one of the techniques of social case work, which is used to prepare the client to participate in the treatment plan. It means that there are certain similarities in
case work and counselling and these include:
1. Similar objectives: The purpose of social case work is to help an individual client to solve his psycho-social problems in such a way that he becomes capable of dealing with these problems at present and also may solve in future if such problems arise. Counselling aims at enabling individuals to solve the present problems, to prepare themselves for future tasks and to attain a higher degree of efficiency in dealing with his problems.
2. Similar type of clients: In case work and counselling ‘client’ is a man, women, or child, anyone who finds himself or is found to be, in need of help in some aspect of his social-emotional living, shelter, the need be for tangible provisions or counselling.
3. Similar type of problems: The problems within the purview of social case work are those that vitally affect or are affected by person’s social functioning. In case work client sees his problems as lying in some interacting relationship between himself and some other persons or between himself and his environment. Help is provided to the client for some readjustment of the self in relation to the demands and expectations of the social role he plays. Help is also directed to the readjustment of some parts of his social environment. If the client finds that his inner problems exert such pressure over his problems of social functioning, he may need counselling.
4. Relationship: The relationship is the medium in case work as well as in counselling through which help is provided to the client. It is the channel of the entire case work process and counselling process through which the mobilization of the capacities of the client becomes possible. It is planned throughout in interviewing, study, diagnosis and treatment.
5. Worth and Dignity of the Individual: Case Work and counselling treat the client as an individual who has right to get hope and reorganize as a person of worth and dignity. He has every right to make his choice and decisions himself.
6. Common principles: Social case work and counselling, both believe in the individualization of all clients irrespective of their similarities in the problems. Both
accept the client as he is and provide opportunities for self-expression. Case Worker
and counselor do not impose their own judgment to the clients. Client has every right to determine his own path for his easy recovery from malfunctioning.
Differences between case work and counseling
There are many threads that run in common between case work and counselling yet the
two processes are different and some of these differences include the following:
1. The main base of help in social case work is social service whereas in counselling,
help is provided to the client without social service.
2. Social case work is always practiced in an agency but agency is not essentially
required in counselling.
3. In social case work concrete service is rendered along with oral discussion but concrete service is not provided in counselling. Counselor and client talk together on the problem but no material help is provided.
4. In case work client is studied and understood as a whole but counselor is concerned
and deals with one type of problem in one time.
5. Social case work gives an emphasis on activity but in counselling, the client is enabled to understand his problem.
6. In social case work the emphasis is basically on client and the type of service to be
provided but in counselling an emphasis is laid on the problem, not the person concerned.