Types of caregiving interventions

Psycho-educational interventions: it includes a structured programme planned toward providing information about the care receiver’s disease process and about the services and resources available. This system trains the caregivers to respond effectively to disease related problems. E.g. Memory and behavior problems in dementia patients.

By this the knowledge, caregivers can improve their adjustment with the care receiver and the environment. These types of interventions mainly focus on educating or teaching caregivers to develop skills so that they can deal better with stress factors.

Psychotherapeutic Interventions:

the main underlying factor is the therapeutic relationship between the caregiver and the trained professional. The trained professional will extend counselling to the caregivers. Most psychotherapeutic interventions with caregivers follow a cognitive-behavioral approach. Here, therapist may teach self monitoring and evaluation, challenge negative thoughts and assumptions, help caregivers develop problem solving abilities by focusing on time management, managing overload, other coping method and problem solving techniques.

Supportive Interventions:

the main aim is to build a support system or network of caregivers. This can be led either by professionals or peer-led support groups. It will create a space in which they can discuss their problems, feelings regarding caregiving, helps the participants recognize that others have similar problems, and may provide an opportunity to participants to exchange ideas and strategies for coping with their difficulties. Support groups depend on group members to a great extent to provide mutual emotional support and to share information and feelings about the nature of care receiver’s needs, and how to manage behavior problems.

Service Based Intervention:

here caregivers are encouraged to use formal service for improving the competence of care receivers. This delays the institutionalization of care recipients. The services that can be provided under their category also include respite for caregivers and drug activity therapy for care recipients.

Other Types of counselling for caregivers: there are many types of counselling that may be used in providing care to client caregiver, which type to use will depend on the problem presented by the client. Some common types of counselling are

1. Preventive counselling: providing information on an individual or group basis. It is based on a specific programme.

2. Behavioral counselling: here the child through education and learning is helped to change to a more acceptable behavior. Here the main aim is to support the child personal growth through the process of self-understanding and self acceptances.

3. Individual counselling:based on one to one counselling process the client is guided by the caregiver to understand his problem and enables them to see the choices available to solve the problem.

4. Group counselling: is based on the belief that there are factors in the environment, culture and relationships that affect the client. It is used to introduce behavior changes in the client.

5. Peer counselling: chooses individuals having support of other people with similar experiences and characteristics as the client

6. Crisis counselling: It is given to client who is in acute distress and feels he/she can no longer cope. This is given to clients who need immediate help.

7. Supportive counselling: Helps the clients to develop a hope to live in; so that there is a chance to understand the client’s social and home situation, which could help in the counselling of the client.

8. Spiritual counselling: It is provided by priests, pastors, nuns, imams and others. Here belief in supernatural being is used to help clients deal with their problems.

9. Grief counselling: It is helpful to client who has lost their loved ones and need support in dealing with their grief. It is also called bereavement counselling because it aims to help client’s experience norm

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